Francis Munda Palmer was born in March 1968 at Damballa, Bo District, Southern Sierra Leone. He holds a Masters in Environmental Management and Quality Control from the Njala Univerity in Sierra Leone plus a Bachelors of Science in Education (B. Sc. Education).

Between 1996 and 1998, Palmer served as an Assistant teacher at the Sierra Leone Muslim Brotherhood Secondary School. He was also a teacher at the Annie Wash Memorial Secondary School from 1998 to 2000. In 2002 he was recruited as Scientific Officer at the Sierra Leone Standards Bureau and in 2010 he was promoted to the rank of a Manager of the Standards Department.